How To Set Up A Drum Set? Step By Step Guide For Beginners

By JohnPascuzzi

If you have never played a set before, the drums might be a frightening instrument. Drum kits require more components to set up, compared to other instruments like guitars and keyboards, which are relatively easy to put in and start playing.

Each component is equally significant and works in tandem with the others. Therefore, you must assemble the drum equipment correctly. You need to look no further than this instruction if you need to learn how to set up a drum set.

How To Set Up A Drum Set?

Depending on how many parts you have, you should arrange your drums differently when building your drum set. Most novices often begin with a 4-or 5-piece drum setup, but as they gain more experience, many musicians expand their configuration.

#1. Identify The 3 Main Parts Of Your Drum Kit.

Identify The 3 Main Parts Of Your Drum Kit.
Identify The 3 Main Parts Of Your Drum Kit.

Drums, hardware, and cymbals are the three essential parts of most beginner drum kits.

– Drums: The bass (or kick) drum, the snare drum, and the toms are usually included in drum sets.

– Drum gear: Standard drum hardware consists of the bass drum pedal, the throne, and the supports for the hi-hat and the cymbals.

– Cymbals: There are several cymbals, including crash, ride, and hi-hats.

#2. Set Up Your Bass Drum.

Put your bass or kick drum in the middle of your drum set. Take note of your bass drum’s movable legs. Hold your bass drum securely to the floor so it will not move around while you play.

As a result, it is crucial to adjust the legs so they are balanced on both sides since your drum set may sway while you play. Ensure your bass drum’s legs’ tips bury themselves in the ground so it will not slide around by inspecting them.

*** Read more: How To Hold Drumsticks? 5 Ways To Hold Drumsticks

#3. Adjust Your Bass Drum Pedal.

Pay close attention to the bass pedal while first assembling your drum set. Your bass drum’s hoop is where the bass drum pedal is located. The beater should hit the bass drum head in the center of your drum when you press the pedal; then, it should rebound.

If pressing on the pedal is too tricky or causes your legs to become tired, you should change the action or tension of the bass pedal to make it less tight. The tension is too loose if the pedal does not bounce back after leaving the drum head.

You must tighten the tension if it is too loose for the drum head to spring back. Most pedals include a screw or knob you may turn to adjust the tension, but your model may have something different.

#4. Place Your Snare Drum.

Place Your Snare Drum
Place Your Snare Drum

You will need to modify the height of your snare drum as you set up your drum equipment. Your snare drum’s height should be set such that you can easily hit it with either of your hands without striking the drum’s rim, about a few inches above your leg.

Position your drum such that the lever that engages the snare is on the left side of the instrument. Most drummers set up their snares flat, while traditional musicians occasionally set up their drums with a slight downward and away tilt.

#5. Set Up Your Toms.

The majority of drum sets contain both mounted and floor toms. Your mounted tom (or toms) should be put up at a little inclination towards you, and your floor toms should be positioned around the same height as your snare drum.

You can arrange your toms differently to make the music easier to perform. You can arrange your toms, so they are a few inches apart and sit at equal angles for drum configurations that include more than one mounted tom.

If you find it difficult to strike your floor tom, consider slightly angling the tom in your direction. Depending on the height of your drum throne, you could find that angling your toms will make them more comfortable than placing them flat.

*** Read more: How To Tune Your Drum In 7 Steps – 2022

#6. Place Your Drum Throne.

You will be sitting on the drum throne when you perform. Placing your drum throne where you can easily access every part of your drum set can improve playability. You can play more quickly if you do this, and it will also help you avoid getting hurt.

#7. Set Up Your Hi-Hat.

Your hi-hat should be placed next to your snare. Hi-hat cymbals are fastened to the stand’s rod using a clutch that holds the top cymbal to the rod. You may now open and close the hi-hats thanks to this. Ensure your hi-hat pedal is situated so your foot can easily access it.

Your hi-hat cymbals ought to be higher than your snare. It could be more difficult to hit if your hi-hats are set to be lower or at the same height as your snare.

#8. Arrange Your Crash And Ride Cymbals.

Most drummers typically utilize one ride cymbal and one or two crash cymbals. To your right, typically just over the floor tom, is where your ride cymbal should be set up.

Set up your crash cymbal, if you are using one, to the left of your drum setup, between the snare and the mounted tom.

If you are utilizing one, a second crash cymbal should be placed between your mounted tom and your floor tom. Ensure both crash cymbals are positioned just a few inches above the mounted toms. It would be best if you always kept them within easy reach.

How To Sit With Proper Drum Set Posture?

How To Sit With Proper Drum Set Posture
How To Sit With Proper Drum Set Posture

#1. Sit With Your Back Straight.

Maintain a straight back while playing the drums. Avoid slouching forward since it strains your lower back and increases your risk of injury. Beginners can imagine appropriate posture by watching films or live performances of experienced drummers. Some drum thrones have built-in backs for added support if sitting up straight is too tricky.

#2. Adjust The Height Of Your Drum Throne.

Your drum throne’s height should be adjusted such that your thighs form a 90-to 110-degree angle for optimum posture. Your legs will fatigue if your drum stool is too high or too low, which will make it more difficult to play your bass drum.

#3. Keep Your Arms Relaxed.

Keep your elbows tucked in and your arms close to your sides while playing the drums. You can keep a decent drum stroke and tone by doing this. Any higher than that could make your strokes sound pushed or forced.

*** Read more: Top 12+ Greatest Singing Drummers Of All Time

How To Hold Drumsticks With Proper Grip?

#1. Traditional Drumstick Grip.

Traditional Drumstick Grip.
Traditional Drumstick Grip.

Your right hand grips the stick in an overhand position while using a typical grip. The stick is held in an underhanded position with your left hand, sitting between your middle and ring fingers. Drummers in marching bands and jazz ensembles frequently use this technique.

#2. Matched Drumstick Grip.

Hold your drumsticks overhand between your thumb and index finger for a matching grip. The matching grip comes in American, French, and German.

#3. French Grip.

French Grip.
French Grip.

When employing the French grip, your palms should be facing each other, and your fingers should be doing most of the steering. You can play with better dexterity and control using this drumstick grip.

#4. Germanian Grip. 

The palms are facing the drum head using the Germanian or German grip. As a result, you get a powerful and forceful stroke that is mainly controlled by the wrist. This grip is utilized while applying the Moeller technique, which involves whipping the wrist.

#5. American Grip.

The French and German grips are combined to create the American grip. While using this drumstick grip, your palms should be facing the drum at about a 45-degree angle. You now have both the German grip’s strength and the French grip’s delicacy.

*** Read more: How To Play The Cajon? Everything You Need To Know


The majority of drum kit layouts are pretty typical. Over time, you will begin to find your sound on the drum kit and change how your drums are configured.

While some drummers play with ten rack toms, some do not. It is a necessary step in the process of becoming a musician.

Your first drum kit’s setup is where it all begins. In order to proceed, please follow these instructions. Playing the drums is a great activity. Do not let your apprehension about needing to assemble a drum kit keep you from doing it.

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